After a long and harsh winter, it’s important to give your lawn some TLC to ensure it starts the year off in the right direction. By following these simple steps, you can help your lawn thrive throughout the upcoming season. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key tasks you should complete to prepare your lawn for spring.

Clean Up the Landscaping

Winter can leave your landscaping looking messy and cluttered. Start by removing any fallen limbs or debris that may have accumulated over the winter months. This not only improves the appearance of your landscaping but also eliminates hiding spots for unwanted insects. Additionally, matted clumps of wet leaves can prevent necessary nutrients from reaching the roots of your plants, so be sure to clean them up as well.

Clean Up the Lawn

As the snow melts away, it’s time to address any debris that may be lingering on your lawn. Take a thorough walk around your yard and remove any clumps of leaves or pet messes that have accumulated over the winter. These can hinder the growth of grass beneath, so it’s important to clear them away to promote healthy growth.

Equipment Maintenance

Before you start mowing your lawn, it’s crucial to ensure that your equipment is in proper working order. Take the time to service your lawn mower and other gardening tools. This includes cleaning or replacing the spark plug, changing the oil, changing the air filter, sharpening the mower blade, and cleaning the deck. Regular maintenance will not only extend the life of your equipment but also improve the quality of your lawn’s cut.

Apply Fertilizer

With the help of a lawn care professional, a proper spring lawn care program starts with providing your lawn with the necessary nutrients. Kentucky experiences fluctuating temperatures in the spring, which can cause stress to your lawn. Feeding your lawn with fertilizer helps alleviate this stress and provides the nutrients it needs to thrive. It’s best to apply fertilizer as early as mid-February to ensure your lawn gets the nutrients it needs, even if it teeters back into dormancy due to unexpected snowstorms.

Apply Pre-Emergent Herbicide

Crabgrass is a common weed that can plague lawns in Kentucky. With the help of a lawn care professional to prevent a crabgrass outbreak later in the season, it’s essential to be proactive in the early spring. Research shows that crabgrass germinates when soil temperatures are consistently above 60 degrees Fahrenheit for 3-5 days. Applying a pre-emergent herbicide forms a protective barrier in the top layer of soil, preventing grassy weeds from breaking through the surface. Timing is crucial, so aim to apply the pre-emergent herbicide between mid-February and May.

Over-seed Bare Patches

If your lawn has bare patches due to dog spots, heavy traffic, or neglect, over-seeding is a great solution. Over-seeding involves sowing grass seed over existing grass to fill in those patches. It’s best to apply a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer, also known as a starter fertilizer, when over-seeding. This helps the new seed sprout and grow. After five weeks, you can switch to a regular fertilization routine using quick-release nitrogen fertilizer. Over-seeding your entire lawn can ensure it remains thick and healthy, and it’s an opportunity to introduce new grass seed varieties.

Assess the Soil

The pH level of your soil plays a crucial role in the health of your lawn. Acidic or alkaline soils can impact grass growth and lead to issues like moss growth or nutrient deficiencies. Conduct a soil test to determine the pH level of your soil. If it falls outside the optimal range for grass growth (between 5.8 and 7.2), you may need to amend it. Adding ground limestone can raise the pH of acidic soils gradually, while compost or elemental sulfur can lower the pH of extremely alkaline soils.

Control Weeds

Spring is the time when weeds like dandelions start making their appearance. To keep your lawn weed-free, it’s crucial to implement a consistent weed control regimen. Spot-spray or hand-pull weeds as soon as you notice them, even before the first mowing of the season. Be sure to use a turf-safe herbicide that targets broadleaf weeds. Regular weed control will improve the appearance of your lawn and prevent weeds from spreading.

Mowing Recommendations

Mowing your lawn properly is essential for its health and appearance. Here are some recommendations to follow during the spring:

  • Mow tall and often: Set your mower height to 3.5 to 4 inches. This promotes root growth, prevents weed growth, and helps your lawn withstand fluctuations in temperature and moisture. As spring brings more precipitation, your lawn will grow faster, so be prepared to mow more frequently.
  • Avoid mowing wet grass: Mowing wet grass can lead to an uneven cut, damage to your mower, and compacted soil. It’s best to wait until the grass is dry before mowing to ensure a clean and even cut.
  • Don’t bag the clippings: Grass clippings are a valuable source of nutrients for your lawn. Leaving them on the lawn allows them to decompose and release nutrients back into the soil. However, if your lawn has clumps of clippings, remove them to avoid suffocating the grass beneath.

Watering the Lawn

Proper watering is crucial for the health of your lawn. Aim to provide about one inch of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Watering in the early morning allows the grass to dry during the day, reducing the risk of fungal diseases. Adjust your watering schedule based on weather conditions and the needs of your specific grass type.

Dispose of Lawn Clippings and Debris

While leaving grass clippings on the lawn is beneficial, there are instances when you should dispose of them. If your lawn has clumps of clippings that can smother the grass, gather them and dispose of them in a lawn and leaf bag. Additionally, remove any other debris that may accumulate in your lawn, such as fallen leaves or branches. Proper disposal of clippings and debris helps maintain a clean and healthy lawn.

Enjoy Your Beautiful Lawn

After following these spring lawn care steps, you can sit back, relax, and enjoy the beauty of your well-maintained lawn. Regular maintenance, including mowing, watering, fertilizing, and weed control, will help keep your lawn looking lush and vibrant throughout the spring and beyond. So take pride in your lawn and make the most of the warmer months ahead.

Remember, each lawn is unique, and it’s essential to consider your specific grass type, climate, and any persistent growth problems when implementing a spring lawn care routine. By investing time and effort into preparing your lawn for spring, you’ll set the stage for a healthy and beautiful lawn all season long. Happy gardening!


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Green & Grow is a full service lawn care company specializing in lawn mowing, fertilization & weed control, aeration & seeding, insect control, and more!
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